On this question there are four different hypotheses:
Commonwealth of England The politics of the period were dominated by the wishes of the Grandees Senior Officers of the New Model Army and their civilian supporters. They encouraged or at least tolerated several republican regimes. From until executive powers lay with Council of Statewhile legislative functions were carried out by the Rump Parliament.
It proved to be as difficult for the executive to work with this parliament as it had with the Rump, so, after sitting for five months, members friendly to the Grandees engendered its dissolution on 12 December The Instrument of Government was adopted on 15 December and the pre-eminent Grandee Oliver Cromwell was installed as Lord Protector on the following day.
Although this post was elective, not hereditary, it was to be held for life. It also required the calling of triennial Parliamentswith each sitting for at least five months. In JanuaryCromwell dissolved the first Protectorate Parliamentushering in a period of military rule by the Major Generals.
However Oliver Cromwell died the next year and his nominated successor as Lord Protector, his son Richardproved unable to govern effectively as various political parties strove to gain power. This ushered in a period of unstable government, which did not come to an end until February when General George Monckthe English military governor of Scotland, marched to London at the head of his troops, and oversaw the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.
Life during the Interregnum[ edit ] After the Parliamentarian victory in the Civil War, the Puritan views of the majority of Parliament and its supporters began to be imposed on the rest of the country.
The Puritans advocated an austere lifestyle and restricted what they saw as the excesses of the previous regime. Most prominently, holidays such as Christmas and Easter were suppressed. However, some forms of art that were thought to be "virtuous", such as opera, were encouraged.
These changes are often credited to Oliver Cromwellthough they were introduced by the Commonwealth Parliament; and Cromwell, when he came to power, was a liberalising influence.
Life for Jews in England improved in that they could no longer be prosecuted if caught worshipping, yet discrimination continued. Radicals vs conservatives[ edit ] Parliament had, to a large degree, encouraged the radical political groups which emerged when the usual social controls broke down during the English Civil War.
It had also unwittingly established a new political force when it set up the New Model Army. Not surprisingly, all these groups had their own hopes for the new Commonwealth. In the Agreement of the People, they asked for a more representative and accountable parliament, to meet every two years; a reform of law so it would be available to and fair to all; and religious toleration.
They wanted a more democratic society, although their proposed franchise did not extend to women or to the lowest orders of society. Levellers saw the Rump as little better than the monarchy it had replaced, and they showed their displeasure in demonstrations, pamphlets and mutinies.
While their numbers did not pose a serious threat to the government, they scared the Rump into action and a Treasons Act was passed against them in Diggers[ edit ] Led by Gerrard WinstanleyDiggers wanted an even more equal society than the Levellers.
They advocated a lifestyle that bore many similarities to later understandings of communism and anarchismwith communal ownership of land, and absolute equality for males and females in law and education.
They existed in only very small numbers and faced a very strong opposition, even from the Levellers. Religion during the Interregnum The breakdown of religious uniformity and incomplete Presbyterian Settlement of enabled independent churches to flourish.
Despite greater toleration, extreme sects were opposed by the upper classes as they were seen as a threat to social order and property rights. Catholics were also excluded from the toleration applied to the other groups.
Conservatives[ edit ] Conservatives were still dominant in both central government and local government. In the former, the Rump was anxious not to offend the traditional ruling class whose support it needed for survival, so it opposed radical ideas.
In the latter, that ruling class dominated through the influence of traditional regional gentry. Historical analysis[ edit ] The Interregnum was a relatively short but important period in the history of the British Isles.
It saw a number of political experiments without any stable form of government emerging, largely due to the wide diversity in religious and political groups that had been allowed to flourish after the regicide of Charles I. The Puritan movement had evolved as a rejection of both real and perceived "Catholicisation" of the Church of England.
When the Church of England was quickly disestablished by the Commonwealth Government, the question of what church to establish became a hotly debated subject.
A short William Shakespeare biography describes William Shakespeare's life, times, and work. Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced Hamlet. Hamlet Analysis Report We will write a custom essay sample on hamlet analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER It is debatable whether or not Hamlet is one of the greatest dramatic characters ever made. Hamlet actually slips into insanity at certain moments in the play. Is this true, or is Hamlet 1 educator answer Throughout the play, Hamlet claims to be feigning madness.
In the end, it was impossible to make all the political factions happy. Cromwell coerced Sexby into confessing authorship of the pamphlet and then imprisoned him in the Tower of Londonwhere Sexby was driven to insanity, dying there less than a year later.
High taxes required by the large standing armykept due to the constant threats of Scottish and Irish rebellion, added to public resentment of Cromwell.The next manifestation we have of Hamlet's insanity is in his conversation with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
Their sudden return to Elsinore strikes Hamlet as something strange, and he quickly guesses that the king is at the bottom of it. With them, however, it is necessary for him to play a somewhat different role.
Overall Story Throughline Synopsis. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, returns from his studies abroad to attend the funeral of his father, King Hamlet, and the subsequent wedding of his mother, Queen Gertrude, to his uncle, King Claudius.
In Hamlet, Shakespeare takes it up a notch: does Hamlet truly go "mad," or is the cuckoo-talk, like the play itself, all an act? And if madness is a form of theatricality (maybe with some " method " in it, as Polonius says) —does that mean that all actors are crazy?
Sep 27, · Get up to the minute breaking political news and in-depth analysis on caninariojana.com The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ ˈ h æ m l ɪ t /), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between and Set in Denmark, the play dramatises the revenge Prince Hamlet is called to wreak upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King caninariojana.comus had murdered his own brother and seized the throne.
Points to Ponder Hamlet's last soliloquy is crucial to our understanding of his character development. By the end of the soliloquy, Hamlet brings to a halt his solemn contemplation on the immoral act of murderous revenge, and finally accepts it as his necessary duty.