Just as it was during the 14th thru 16th centuries in Western Europe and just as it is today, death was and still is a big thing to fear.
The Black Death and its Impact c. Such periods of transition are rarely easy to endure, and this was no exception. It was a period which saw recurring famines, outbreaks of plague, peasant and worker revolts, the rise of religious heresies, challenges to the Church's authority, and long drawn out wars, in particular the Hundred Years War between France and England.
Ironically, the problems were largely the result of better farming methods. New agricultural techniques had caused a dramatic rise in population, which in turn led to rising demands for food and fuel. This generated inflation and a strain on the environmentwhich led people to clear more new lands for cultivation.
That, in turn, triggered more population growth, and so on Aggravating these problems was a change of climate.
Apparently, the climate in the High Middle Ages was good, thus making possible that period's prosperity. However, in the 's the climate turned colder and wetter than usual, resulting in floods and early frosts.
Sources spoke of great famines in and and of reports that the Baltic Sea froze over in and The resulting malnutrition of the early s made people born during that time especially susceptible to disease, since our immunological systems develop during childhood.
This in turn set up the worst of the Middle Ages: The most likely scenario for its spread points to Mongol rulers in Asia who had settled down from their rampages to establish stable caravan routes from China to the Black Sea where Italian merchants would trade for the silks and spices so highly valued in Europe.
Ironically, these trade routes were also the invasion routes of a very different sort. Apparently, the Asian black rats, which carry the fleas that carry the plague, burrowed into the caravan's grain sacks and hitched a free ride across Asia.
Rumors had already filtered westward of a terrible plague that depopulated whole regions of China and India.
Rumor became reality for Europe in when a Genoese ship pulled into the Sicilian port of Messina with half its crew dead or dying from plague. The Black Death had arrived. The Plague quickly spread death and terror across Europe, sweeping through Italy inFrance inand the Low Countries, England, and Scandinavia in Its pattern was to flare up in the summer and taper off in the winter, only to flare up again and sweep onwards the next summer.
Byit had pretty well passed on, leaving in its wake a population decimated by its effects.
Cities, with their crowded unsanitary conditions, generally suffered worse than the countryside. Although contemporary accounts generally exaggerated the toll, it was certainly was staggering.
Supposedly people died in Paris each day, a day in Pisa, and up to a day in Vienna. Monasteries, also being crowded, suffered similar death rates. All across Europe black flags flew over towns to warn travelers that the plague was there.
Church bells rang constantly to announce the deaths of citizens until town councils voted to silence their demoralizing clangor. The Hundred Years War was interrupted by the plague, and construction on the cathedral in Siena, Italy stopped and never resumed, a grim memorial to the plague's power.
People, having no idea then of the existence of microbes, were completely ignorant of the plague's cause.
Some, seeing a correlation between fleas and plague, killed dogs and cats, just giving the black rats more freedom to spread the disease. Most explanations of the Black Death concerned divine retribution. This gave rise to the flagellants, people who would march from town to town whipping themselves to atone for society's sins.
However, as they spread penitence, they also spread the plague. Therefore, the authorities outlawed them, as much for the social unrest they seemed to stir up as for the disease they were spreading.
The most effective way of avoiding the plague was to avoid people who might carry it, causing those rich enough to flee the towns during the plague's height in the summer months. In fact, a virtual panic seized people as husbands abandoned wives, parents abandoned their children, and even priests and doctors refused to see their patients.
It seemed as if the whole fabric of society was coming unraveled.
In the absence of any effective remedies, people looked for scapegoats. Many blamed the Jews whose religion dictated a bit cleaner lifestyle, which in turn meant less incidence of rats, fleas, and plague.
In some peoples' minds, however, the Jews had poisoned the wells or made a pact with the devil to cause the Black Death.years, funneled scholarship into plague in general and the Black Death in particular.
There is an ample supply of books, monographs, articles, and (of course) debates on the Black Death and its role in both social and demographic history. Among the latest arrivals is Ole. DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents.
The question is designed to test your bubonic plague, the signing of the Nanjing Treaty, and the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. Dates Represent Breakout of Plague Origins and Spread of the Black Death in Asia Persian Gulf N S W E Global Hist. & Geo.
The population’s responses to the Black Death and its consequences were driven by fear due to religious superstition and a lack of knowledge about the epidemic itself. Even the rich and noble feared the plague just as much as the peasants had feared it.
Questions and Answers on the Black Death which wiped out almost half of Europe Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.
The teacher will describe the Black Death as the spread of a disease, called the bubonic plague, in Europe, from It is estimated that over 25 million people died from this disease, which was over 2/3 of Europe's population at the time. Mar 18, · I know the Christians believed the Black Death was a punishment from God for their sins and thought that the world was ending.
A group of Christian men called the Flagellant Brothers tried to stop the disease by whipping their bodies to punish caninariojana.com: Resolved.