I The chief defect of all hitherto existing materialism — that of Feuerbach included — is that the thing, reality, sensuousness, is conceived only in the form of the object or of contemplation, but not as sensuous human activity, practice, not subjectively.
Hence it happened that the active side, in opposition to materialism, was developed by idealism — but only abstractly, since, of course, idealism does not know real, sensuous activity as such. In The Essence of Christianity [Das Wesen des Christenthums], he therefore regards the theoretical attitude as the only genuinely human attitude, while practice [Praxis] is conceived and defined only in its dirty-Jewish form of appearance [Erscheinungsform] .
Man must prove the truth, i. The dispute over the reality or non-reality of thinking which is isolated from practice is a purely scholastic question. Hence this doctrine is bound to divide society into two parts, one of which is superior to society.
His work consists in resolving the religious world into its secular basis. He overlooks the fact that after completing this work, the chief thing still remains to be done. For the fact that the secular basis lifts off from itself and establishes itself in the clouds as an independent realm can only be explained by the inner strife and intrinsic contradictoriness of this secular basis.
The latter must itself be understood in its contradiction and then, by the removal of the contradiction, revolutionised.
Thus, for instance, once the earthly family is discovered to be the secret of the holy family, the former must itself be annihilated [vernichtet] theoretically and practically.
But the essence of man is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. In reality, it is the ensemble of the social relations. Feuerbach, who does not enter upon a criticism of this real essence is hence obliged: To abstract from the historical process and to define the religious sentiment regarded by itself, and to presuppose an abstract — isolated - human individual.
All mysteries which lead theory to mysticism find their rational solution in human practice and in the comprehension of this practice.Thesis Eleven is the most famous of Karl Marx’s Theses on Feuerbach, and goes like this: The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it.
An excellent explanation of Marx’s thinking around Thesis Eleven is provided by Cornel West in his book. Marx, Theses on Feuerbach (), p.2 of 3 2 II The question whether objective [ gegenständliche ] truth can be attained by human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question.
Marx's XI thesis on Feuerbach explained. Download. The most widely known version of the “Theses” is that based on Engels‟ edited version, published as an appendix to his Ludwig Feuerbach in Translated by Cyril Smith , based on work done jointly with Don Cuckson. 11 notes on Ludwig Feuerbach "The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it." Karl Marx's Eleven Theses on Feuerbach is a short, iterative list concerning the work of Lugwig Feuerbach.
Nov 18, · The Theses on Feuerbach are eleven short philosophical notes written by Karl Marx in They outline a critique of the ideas of Marx's fellow Young Hegelian philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach. Marx, Theses on Feuerbach (), p.2 of 3 2 II The question whether objective [ gegenständliche ] truth can be attained by human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question.
It is in practice that man.