The word "data" was first used to mean "transmissible and storable computer information" in The expression "data processing" was first used in However, in non-specialist, everyday writing, "data" is most commonly used in the singular, as a mass noun like "information", "sand" or "rain". According to a common view, data is collected and analyzed; data only becomes information suitable for making decisions once it has been analyzed in some fashion.
Acquisition Cost The cost of the asset including the cost to ready the asset for its intended use.
Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Acquisition costs for software includes those development costs capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles GAAP.
Ancillary charges, such as taxes, duty, protective in transit insurance, freight, and installation may be included in or excluded from the acquisition cost in accordance with the non-Federal entity's regular accounting practices.
A grant meeting the following criteria: Today's date is between the budget start and end dates. NIH uses three funding mechanisms for extramural research awards: Within each funding mechanism, NIH uses 3-character activity codes e.
Comprehensive List of Activity Codes Additive Alternative A use of program income earned during or after the project period that permits income that is generated under a grant to be added to funds committed to the project by the Federal awarding agency and recipient and used to further eligible project or program objectives.Primary research consists of a collection of original primary data.
It is often undertaken after the researcher has gained some insight into the issue by reviewing secondary research or by analyzing previously collected primary data. Data collection plays a very crucial role in the statistical analysis.
In research, there are different methods used to gather information, all of which fall into two categories, i.e. primary data, and secondary data.
Grant award stimulating research at health professional academic institutions with not more than $6 million per year of NIH support in total costs in each of four or more of the last seven years. Definition: The process of gathering, analyzing and interpreting information about a market, about a product or service to be offered for sale in that market, and about the past, present and.
Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories for its most effective and efficient use. Once a data-classification scheme has been created, security standards that specify appropriate handling practices for each category and storage standards that define the data.
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