The Latin name Hercules was borrowed through Etruscanwhere it is represented variously as HeracleHercle, and other forms.
Heracles Greek mythology Definition: Condemned to serve King Eurystheus, he performed 12 labours: After death, he was allowed to ascend as a god to Olympus. While serving Eurystheus, king of Argos, he performed 12 labours, including the cleansing of the Augean stables.
Driven mad by the goddess Hera, he murdered his children by Megara, his first wife, and was mistakenly poisoned by his second wife Deianira. Although an archer, later portrayals depicted him wearing the skin of a lion and armed with a club cut from an olive tree.
Early life Having fathered Heracles on Alcmene, wife of Amphitryon, Zeus boasted that a descendant of Perseus would soon be born; the future king of Argos. Alcmene, who was also carrying a son by Amphitryon, finally gave birth to Heracles and, one night later, to his half-brother Iphicles.
Hera later sent snakes to attack Heracles in his cot, but he strangled them. As a child, Heracles killed his music teacher Linus with his lyre for chastizing him, and was sent away by Amphitryon to keep cattle on Mount Cithaeron.
He killed a lion which was terrorizing the herdsmen of Amphitryon and his neighbour Thespius; in some traditions, this was the lion whose pelt was worn by Heracles, its head arrranged as his helmet.
Servitude to Eurystheus On Heracles return to Thebes, he freed the kingdom from a tribute of cattle demanded by the Minyae of Orchomenus, and in reward was married to Megara, daughter of King Creon not the brother of the tragic Jocasta.
As atonement for their murder, Heracles was instructed by the oracle of Delphi to live at Tiryns for 12 years under the command of King Eurystheus, where the hero was set 12 labours. During this period he also accomplished other deeds: In some traditions he skinned and wore the pelt to make himself invulnerable to weapons.
During the struggle, Heracles also crushed a giant crab which nipped his foot; Hera rewarded the crustacean by transforming it into the constellation Cancer.
After a year-long chase, he lamed it with an arrow, pinning its forelegs together without drawing blood. While tracking the boar, he accidently shot his old tutor Chiron, a centaur half man, half horse. Augeas promised to give Heracles a tenth of his cattle if the stables were cleared in one day; a feat accomplished by diverting the rivers Peneius and Alpheus through the cattle-yard.
Learning that Eurystheus had sent him, Augeas refused his part of the bargain, so Heracles took revenge by invading Elis in his later years.
They used their feathers as arrows and were sacred to Ares, the god of war. Wielding a rattle given to him by the goddess Athena, Heracles startled them into flight; many were shot in the air and the rest were frightened away. Returning home, he founded the Thracian coastal city of Abdera in honour of his friend Abderus, who had been eaten by the Bistones.
Hippolyta promised Heracles the girdle, but Hera incited the Amazons against him, and he was reluctantly forced to kill the queen during the ensuing battle.
After clubbing the herdsman and hound, and overcoming Geryon, he brought the cattle back to Greece, where they were sacrificed to Hera. In one version, Heracles killed the dragon to achieve the task.
In another, the Titan Atlas, as the father of the Hesperides, fetched the fruit from his daughters while Heracles held up the heavens in his stead.
On his return, Atlas had to be tricked into resuming his tiresome burden; Heracles asked the Titan to take the weight briefly while he adjusted his position. Poisonous aconites sprang from drops of its saliva, as the creature was hauled to Eurystheus and back again.
Later life On his journey home from the land of the Amazons, Heracles had visited Troy and rescued Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon, from a sea monster sent by Poseidon.
The king had promised to reward him with a pair of immortal white horses, but later refused to part with them. After his release from Eurystheus, Heracles returned to Troy, accompanied by his friend Telamon, and killed Laomedon and all his sons except Podarces.
Athena then led Heracles to Phlegra to fight for the gods against the Gigantes, creatures who had sprung from the blood of the vanquished supreme ruler Kronos where drops had fallen to earth.
Death Having given Megara to his nephew Iolaus, Heracles fought the river god Achelous for Deianira, the Calydonian princess who eventually caused his death. Heracles shot the centaur Nessus with his poisonous arrows for attempting to abduct Deianira, but before he died, Nessus told Deianira to preserve his blood as it would bring Heracles back to her if he were unfaithful.A half-god of superhuman strength and violent passions, Heracles was the epitome of bravery and masculinity in the ancient world and the most notable champion of the Olympian order, which he staunchly protected from .
Hercules Essay Examples.
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Heracles (Ἡρακλἣς) was the mightiest and most famous of the Greek heroes. Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene.
The Romans identified him as Hercules. Heracles [classical mythology] | Herakles [Greek] | Hercules [Roman] one of the most famous Greco-Roman legendary heroes. Traditionally, Heracles was the . the usual name (in Greek) for "Hercules" [entry-specific] | [classical mythology] a hero noted for his great strength, courage, and for the (21 of words, 3 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciations).
Ares was the ancient Greek god of war, battlelust, courage and civil order. In art he was depicted as either a mature, bearded warrior armed for battle, or a nude, beardless youth with a helm and spear.
His Roman name was Mars.