Share via Email Motorists crowding a junction in Taipei highlight the consequences of population growth: We are increasing by 10, an hour. The median UN forecast is 9. By definition, total impact and consumption are worked out by measuring the average per person multiplied by the number of people.
Begin by opening your learning journal for this activity. Globalisation describes a world environment in which there is relatively free and frequent movement of goods, capital, people, information and ideas internationally.
The lessons in the previous activity were guiding students towards an understanding of some of the many consequences of globalisation.
This activity takes a step backwards and provides evidence and examples of globalisation, clarifies the different meanings of globalisation and the drivers behind the many globalising processes in the world. We saw in the World Core Curriculum and the examples of global education, that globalisation can emphasize the sharing of cultural experiences and building a global culture of peace.
However, it is economic globalisation that is of concern to many. The economic processes of globalisation are not new, however. For thousands of years, people have been buying and selling to each other across great distances. However, not everyone benefited from these historical experiences of globalisation.
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade saw over ten million Africans shipped to the Americas in 35, voyages between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries.
While sending cottonsilkindigo dye and tea back to England, the Company made its greatest profits forcing Indian farmers to grow poppy flowers which were manufactured into opium in company-owned factories and then sold into China against the will of the Imperial government.
This eventually led to the Opium Wars between China between Britain. The 19th and early 20th Centuries were also a time of very rapidly increasing free movement of goods, capital and people. New technology — in the form of the telegraph and steamships — made international communication and transportation much faster, easier and cheaper.
Byalmost all of Africa, Asia, the Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean had been colonized by European countries to advance their wealth and power. This was achieved by using military power to rule colonies as sources as cheap, near slave labour and abundant, nearly free natural resources.
These resources were sent to the factories in the colonial powers, where they underpinned the industrialisation and economic growth Europe and North America.
Despite becoming politically independent in the years after World War II, most former colonies remained tied into the global economy as suppliers of raw materials, low-paid labour and markets for manufactured imports. Very few countries have been successful in breaking out of this pattern.
This is the process known as neo-colonialism. Economic globalisation has been advanced by five key factors in the past fifty years: To encourage economic growth and investment, governments have privatized many previously government owned services and industries and deregulated economic activity to allow market forces greater scope.
The lending and development policies of international agencies and banks, to open their economies to international goods, services, practices and ideas. Large multinational corporations have replaced governments as the vehicle for economic domination and many have grown to be larger and more powerful than most countries.
Rapid advances in technology, especially in manufacturing, communication and transport in recent decades, has seen the industrial revolution replaced by the information and services revolution.
The rise in per capita income generated by these processes has fuelled a massive rise in consumerism and created a perpetual cycle — or a treadmill — of production and consumption.
These five factors are analyzed in detail in Activity 4.Global warming is likely to shrink the size of fish by as much as a quarter in coming decades, according to a groundbreaking new study of the world's oceans. Climate Change May Shrink the World’s Fish.
will have a profound impact on many marine food webs, upending predator-prey relationships in ways that are hard to predict. "Our problem is. Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. is creating a scenario where we could see a systemic collapse of our planet's natural resources.
Those more optimistic about the environmental impacts of growth believe that, though localized environmental. A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is any great reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay, white flight or rural flight, or due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes.
That way, the fields can be sprayed with the herbicide when the plant is young, easily eliminating competition from weeds. Naturally, glyphosate ends up in the environment, and our knowledge of its effects on soil health, aquatic life, and wildlife is far from complete.
Written by Massimo Livi Bacci, Our Shrinking Planet advocates bringing the demographic question back to the centre of the international community’s debates on development.
Livi Bacci introduces his book by highlighting that our planet has dramatically gotten smaller – up to 1, times – in relation to the area of land at each human’s disposal.